Point Cloud Object Recognition using 3D Convolutional Neural Networks

Marcelo Borghetti , Stefan Wermter
International Joint Conference on Neural Networks (IJCNN) pages 2968--2975, doi: 10.1109/IJCNN.2018.8489270 - Jul 2018
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With the advent of RGB-D technology, there was remarkable progress in robotic tasks such as object recognition. Many approaches were developed to handle depth information, but they work mainly on 2.5D representations of the data. Moreover, the 3D-data handling approaches using Convolutional Neural Networks developed so far showed a gap between volumetric CNN and multi-view CNN. Therefore, the use of point clouds for object recognition has not been fully explored. In this work, we propose a Convolutional Neural Network model that extracts 3D features directly from RGB-D data, mixing volumetric and multiview representations. The neural architecture is kept as simple as possible to assess the benefits of the 3D-data easily. We evaluate our approach with the publicly available Washington Dataset of real RGB-D data composed of 51 categories of household objects and obtained an improvement of around 10% in accuracy over the utilisation of 2D features. This result motivates further investigation when compared to some recently reported results tested on smaller datasets.


 	 author =  {Borghetti, Marcelo and Wermter, Stefan},  
 	 title = {Point Cloud Object Recognition using 3D Convolutional Neural Networks}, 
 	 booktitle = {International Joint Conference on Neural Networks (IJCNN)},
 	 number = {},
 	 volume = {},
 	 pages = {2968--2975},
 	 year = {2018},
 	 month = {Jul},
 	 publisher = {},
 	 doi = {10.1109/IJCNN.2018.8489270},