Generalization in Multimodal Language Learning from Simulation

Proceedings of the International Joint Conference on Neural Networks (IJCNN 2021) - Jul 2021
Associated documents :  
Neural networks can be powerful function approximators, which are able to model high-dimensional feature distributions from a subset of examples drawn from the target distribution. Naturally, they perform well at generalizing within the limits of their target function, but they often fail to generalize outside of the explicitly learned feature space. It is therefore an open research topic whether and how neural network-based architectures can be deployed for systematic reasoning. Many studies have shown evidence for poor generalization, but they often work with abstract data or are limited to single-channel input. Humans, however, learn and interact through a combination of multiple sensory modalities, and rarely rely on just one. To investigate compositional generalization in a multimodal setting, we generate an extensible dataset with multimodal input sequences from simulation. We investigate the influence of the underlying training data distribution on compostional generalization in a minimal LSTM-based network trained in a supervised, time continuous setting. We find compositional generalization to fail in simple setups while improving with the number of objects, actions, and particularly with a lot of color overlaps between objects. Furthermore, multimodality strongly improves compositional generalization in settings where a pure vision model struggles to generalize.


 	 author =  {Eisermann, Aaron and Lee, Jae Hee and Weber, Cornelius and Wermter, Stefan},  
 	 title = {Generalization in Multimodal Language Learning from Simulation}, 
 	 booktitle = {Proceedings of the International Joint Conference on Neural Networks (IJCNN 2021)},
 	 number = {},
 	 volume = {},
 	 pages = {},
 	 year = {2021},
 	 month = {Jul},
 	 publisher = {},
 	 doi = {},