Continual Learning from Synthetic Data for a Humanoid Exercise Robot

arXiv:2102.10034 doi: arXiv:2102.10034 - Feb 2021
Associated documents :  
In order to detect and correct physical exercises, a Grow-When-Required Network (GWR) with recurrent connections, episodic memory and a novel subnode mechanism is developed in order to learn spatiotemporal relationships of body movements and poses. Once an exercise is performed, the information of pose and movement per frame is stored in the GWR. For every frame, the current pose and motion pair is compared against a predicted output of the GWR, allowing for feedback not only on the pose but also on the velocity of the motion. In a practical scenario, a physical exercise is performed by an expert like a physiotherapist and then used as a reference for a humanoid robot like Pepper to give feedback on a patient's execution of the same exercise. This approach, however, comes with two challenges. First, the distance from the humanoid robot and the position of the user in the camera's view of the humanoid robot have to be considered by the GWR as well, requiring a robustness against the user's positioning in the field of view of the humanoid robot. Second, since both the pose and motion are dependent on the body measurements of the original performer, the expert's exercise cannot be easily used as a reference. This paper tackles the first challenge by designing an architecture that allows for tolerances in translation and rotations regarding the center of the field of view. For the second challenge, we allow the GWR to grow online on incremental data. For evaluation, we created a novel exercise dataset with virtual avatars called the Virtual-Squat dataset. Overall, we claim that our novel architecture based on the GWR can use a learned exercise reference for different body variations through continual online learning, while preventing catastrophic forgetting, enabling for an engaging long-term human-robot interaction with a humanoid robot.


 	 author =  {Duczek, Nicolas and Kerzel, Matthias and Wermter, Stefan},  
 	 title = {Continual Learning from Synthetic Data for a Humanoid Exercise Robot}, 
 	 journal = {arXiv:2102.10034},
 	 number = {},
 	 volume = {},
 	 pages = {},
 	 year = {2021},
 	 month = {Feb},
 	 publisher = {},
 	 doi = {arXiv:2102.10034},