An adaptive growing grid model for a non-stationary environment

Chihli Hung , Stefan Wermter , Yu-Liang Chi , Chih-Fong Tsai
Neurocomputing Volume 550, pages 126405, doi: 10.1016/j.neucom.2023.126405 - Jun 2023
Associated documents :  
The self-organizing map (SOM) represents high-dimensional input samples by a 2-dimensional output topological structure, whereby similar input samples are mapped onto the same output unit or neighboring units on a map for visualization. Although many extended SOM models have been proposed, the need to determine a grid structure of SOM before learning, and the lack of adaptability to rapid changes in input data have not yet been fully overcome. This research proposes an adaptive growing grid (AGG) model, which is a novel neural self-organizing map (SOM), for projecting high-dimensional input samples onto an output grid. Due to the need for a grid structure for visualization, the AGG uses both growing and pruning functions and an adaptive learning process in order to adapt its output grid structure and learning function to constantly and rapidly changing input data in a non-stationary environment. The proposed AGG is tested on four basic data sets and one cross-domain data set. In addition, the t-test is used to test whether the proposed AGG outperforms the benchmark model, the growing grid (GG). Based on three evaluation measures, i.e. average quantization error (AQE), topographic error (TE) and dead unit ratio (DUR), the AGG significantly outperforms the GG in a non-stationary environment.


 	 author =  {Hung, Chihli and Wermter, Stefan and Chi, Yu-Liang and Tsai, Chih-Fong},  
 	 title = {An adaptive growing grid model for a non-stationary environment}, 
 	 booktitle = {},
 	 journal = {Neurocomputing},
 	 number = {},
 	 volume = {550},
 	 pages = {126405},
 	 year = {2023},
 	 month = {Jun},
 	 publisher = {},
 	 doi = {10.1016/j.neucom.2023.126405},