Disentangling Prosody Representations with Unsupervised Speech Reconstruction

IEEE/ACM Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing doi: 10.48550/arXiv.2212.06972 - Dec 2022
Associated documents :  
Human speech can be characterized by different components, including semantic content, speaker identity and prosodic information. Significant progress has been made in disentangling representations for semantic content and speaker identity in Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR) and speaker ver- ification tasks respectively. However, it is still an open challenging research question to extract prosodic information because of the intrinsic association of different attributes, such as timbre and rhythm, and because of the need for supervised training schemes to achieve robust large-scale and speaker-independent ASR. The aim of this paper is to address the disentanglement of emotional prosody from speech based on unsupervised reconstruction. Specifically, we identify, design, implement and integrate three crucial components in our proposed speech reconstruction model Prosody2Vec: (1) a unit encoder that transforms speech signals into discrete units for semantic content, (2) a pretrained speaker verification model to generate speaker identity embeddings, and (3) a trainable prosody encoder to learn prosody representations. We first pretrain the Prosody2Vec representations on unlabelled emotional speech corpora, then fine-tune the model on specific datasets to perform Speech Emotion Recognition (SER) and Emo- tional Voice Conversion (EVC) tasks. Both objective (weighted and unweighted accuracies) and subjective (mean opinion score) evaluations on the EVC task suggest that Prosody2Vec effec- tively captures general prosodic features that can be smoothly transferred to other emotional speech. In addition, our SER experiments on the IEMOCAP dataset reveal that the prosody features learned by Prosody2Vec are complementary and ben- eficial for the performance of widely used speech pretraining models and surpass the state-of-the-art methods when combining Prosody2Vec with HuBERT representations. Some audio samples can be found on our demo website.


 	 author =  {Qu, Leyuan and Li, Taihao and Weber, Cornelius and Pekarek-Rosin, Theresa and Ren, Fuji and Wermter, Stefan},  
 	 title = {Disentangling Prosody Representations with Unsupervised Speech Reconstruction}, 
 	 booktitle = {},
 	 journal = {IEEE/ACM Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing},
 	 number = {},
 	 volume = {},
 	 pages = {},
 	 year = {2022},
 	 month = {Dec},
 	 publisher = {},
 	 doi = {10.48550/arXiv.2212.06972},